It is well known that organic farming means quality, genuineness and the honest expression of a territory. It is a form of respect for nature as it involves little to no pollution. But the most important aspect of going organic is that it involves a choice we make in favour of our health. Here is a commitment that GULFI has included in the company's code of ethics: "Gulfi chooses to respect the health of the consumer, with every means possible and in every productive choice it makes."
Hence the company has eliminated the use of all forms of chemical fertilisation and, instead, uses only manure or grows leguminous crops in the vineyard to enrich the soil with nitrogen. The dry, hot microclimate of south-eastern Sicily also protects the vineyards from insects and mould without having to resort to insecticides or pesticides. This is GULFI organic.
The vine is like a man: if it is too spoiled it becomes lazy, and nothing good comes of laziness. Without irrigation, the vines are much healthier and the harvested grapes contain less mould and are not subject to putrefaction. In addition, the non-irrigated vine pushes its roots deep into the ground in search of water.
By seeking sustenance, the vine extracts minerals and other nutrients that can then be found in the wine, thus expressing the great wealth and many facets of the Sicilian terroir.
Moreover, the traditional forms of cultivation, which have always been practised in our vineyards, have never used irrigation. This recovery of old traditions and peculiar methodologies is a value that GULFI have always pursued, regardless of going organic.
In the vineyard, as in all of the countryside, there are age-old techniques that precede modern mechanisation. There is a culture, a knowledge that has been passed through the hands of man and, rightly, Gulfi has chosen to preserve both this knowledge and many ancient work processes.
The grape harvest, a gentle process, carried out with great care, is an example of this. The purpose of harvesting by hand is to preserve the grape itself, which, when harvested by mechanical means which use suction, is severely damaged. Hand harvesting allows you to immediately discard grapes that are damaged and avoids harmful putrefactive processes that could affect the quality of the wine.
The choice of these vines is dependent on two factors. GULFI chooses tradition to preserve and enhance the Sicilian wine-growing heritage over time. GULFI chooses quality, because native Sicilian vines have demonstrated their abilities to produce excellent wines, typical of the region, as they have been adapting, for centuries, to the unusual and unique Sicilian territory.
The most common is Nero d'Avola, a vine that produces naturally warm and highly perfumed wines, used in the past to improve weak and sour wines from other countries. Other native vines cultivated by GULFI are: Frappato, Nerello Mascalese, Nerello Cappuccio, Carricante and Albanello, vines that alone or blended give rise to the GULFI wines.